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Lessons on the Basic Theories of Scientific Method
#1 Scientific Method Is the Best of All Knowledge Methods
#2 Value of Method
#3 The Scientific Method Is a General Method
#4 Basic Steps of the Scientific Method
#5 Practical Application of the Scientific Method
Steps or Stages of the Scientific Method – two pages on each
1. Curious Observation
2. Is There a Problem?
3. Goals & Planning
4. Search, Explore, & Gather the Evidence
5. Generate Creative & Logical Alternative Solutions
6. Evaluate the Evidence
7. Make the Educated Guess (Hypothesis)
8. Challenge the Hypothesis
9. Reach a Conclusion
10. Suspend Judgment
12. Creative, Non-Logical, Logical & Technical Methods
13. Procedural Principals & Theories
14. Attributes & Thinking Skills
Lessons on the Scientific Method:
“Technique” seems to be the most commonly used term after “method.” Most of the above indicate that “method” is a collective term for a series of steps, stages, guides, phases, elementary constituents, etc.
In The Concept of Method, (1985) Justus Buchler refers to the common expression “the power of a method.” Every day you constantly use methods; this lesson will help you better use the power of a method to improve your problem solving and research ability.
Without method, we are left with chance. Chance is the opposite of method, and we would have a very disorganized world without methods and techniques. But what is method? Unfortunately, method is an ambiguous word. It is so ambiguous that it has been widely misused and misinterpreted in the fields of science and knowledge.
There is no better example of the power of a method that uses steps or stages than the results produced by the scientific method throughout the development of modern civilization. I did a search of the literature on the value of method. This is what various authors emphasize who helped in the development of the scientific method.
|organizes our thoughts
clarifies our thoughts
ends aimless wandering
helps ideas gather shape
routes to new knowledge
encourages conceptual thinking
|aids specific transfer of learning
doesn’t have to be reinvented
avoids relying only on intuition
doesn’t have to be learned by osmosis
gives direction on future problems
trains for change and innovation
keeps us pointed in the right direction